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Notice: The Competencies for Occupational Therapists in Canada (2021) are now in effect.

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Legislation, Regulations & Bylaws

What are the roles and powers of the College of Occupational Therapists of Ontario? Every health regulatory college has its own legal framework for governing its profession.

Learn about the provincial legislation that has an impact on the practice of occupational therapy in Ontario, the regulations that occupational therapy professionals must follow, and the most current bylaws of the College.


The Occupational Therapy Act, 1991 and the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 (RHPA) determine how the occupational therapy profession is regulated in Ontario.

The Occupational Therapy Act, 1991 contains a scope of practice statement, as well as provisions and regulations specific to the occupational therapy profession. It includes entry-to-practice and title protection regulations.

The Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 contains provisions regarding permitted actions and processes that are applicable to all regulated health professionals in Ontario.

Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 (RHPA)
Occupational Therapy Act, 1991
Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004 (PHIPA)


Regulations that govern the occupational therapy profession are made under both the Regulated Health Professions Act, 1991 and the Occupational Therapy Act, 1991.

Ontario Regulation 474/19: Controlled Acts
Ontario Regulation 226/96: General
Ontario Regulation 95/07: Professional Misconduct


The College’s bylaws are the rules that govern how the College operates. Government legislation authorizes the Board of Directors to make bylaws related to the College's governance (for example, committee structure, appointments and elections), administration and regulatory functions. 

2021 Bylaws ( English| French)